High Voltage Power Supplies, Plasma Physics

Switching Network Units for JT-60SA

Switching Network Units for JT-60SA

The JT-60SA, or Japan Torus 60 Super Advanced, is a collaboration between the Japanese and European fusion research communities intended to compliment the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor under construction in Cadarache, France. Managed by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency at the Naka Fusion Institute, and governed by the “Broader Approach” agreement between Europe and Japan, the project will be an upgrade to the JT-60 fusion reactor built in 1985.

While the JT-60SA and ITER are independent research initiatives, JT-60SA was designed to support ITER’s research aims by developing and testing practical and reliable plasma control schemes suitable for future power plants. When JT-60SA goes live in 2019, major research fields will include operation regime development, stability and control, transport and confinement, high-energy particle behavior, plasma material interaction, fusion engineering, and theoretical models and simulation codes.

OCEM Power Electronics was commissioned to produce four Switching Network Units, or SNU’s, to induce and sustain the loop voltage needed for plasma initiation in the JT-60SA.

Components and Specifications

Characteristic or performance of the JT-60SA CS SNUJT-60SA specificationExperimental result
Nominal current±20 kA±20 kA
SCB current interruption capability (safety margin)25 kA25 kA (3125 A per branch)
Rated voltage (across SNU terminals)5 kV5 kV
Maximum voltage (including overshoot and transients)7 kV5.2 kV
Maximum SNU operating time (including accuracy)1.5 ms80 µs
Maximum MS closing time (including accuracy)2 ms140 µs
Maximum SNU closing time (including accuracy)1.5 ms1.25 ms
Worst-case SNU operating time in non-nominal conditionsNot considered700 µs
MS closing time in worst-case non-nominal conditionsNot considered40 µs
SNU closing time in worst-case non-nominal conditionsNot considered1 ms
Maximum BPS opening time (only for reference)15 ms15 ms
Maximum pulse length250 s> 250 s
Minimum repetition (cool-down) time1800 s< 1800 s
Voltage drop in SNU closed status> 10 V allowed< 10 mV
Range of R1 resistance adjustable by selectors0.25÷3.75 Ω0.25÷3.75 Ω
SNU resistance after successful breakdownUp to 22 mΩUp to 22 mΩ
Tolerance of each breakdown resistor (at 20 °C)± 2 %Better than ± 1.5 %
Maximum variation of resistors with temperature10%8%
Total energy that can be dissipated in breakdown resistors R1 and R290 MJ>> 90 MJ
Temperature of air to environment100 °C<< 60 °C
Maximum current imbalance among parallel branches (SCB)20 %11 %
Minimum cycles without compressed air2Unlimited
Self-protection time in any case of fault or alarmNot specified150 ms